- Birds are poisoned by inhalation, ingestion, or absorption of toxic substances.
- Caged birds in the home are often poisoned by inhalation of contaminated air, such as fumes from
- cooking oil and burning fat in the kitchen, carbon
- Monoxide emissions from the family car, fresh house paint, and insecticidal and herbicidal sprays are used in the home and garden.
- Carnivorous birds may be poisoned by eating animals that have been poisoned in an eradication program.
- Insectivorous birds may be poisoned by eating insects that have been poisoned with an insecticidal agent.
- Grain-eating birds may be poisoned by eating grain contaminated deliberately or accidentally with poisonous substances.
- The common signs are:
- Only one or a few of these. Signs may be evident because they vary according to the type of poison, the quantity ingested, and the length of time the bird has been poisoned.
- Contact your veterinarian and describe the signs if you are not sure what has poisoned your bird. In some cases, the veterinarian can give the bird a specific antidote.
- Some countries have poison information centers that can assist.
- Initiate treatment if are sure that the bird has been poisoned and you have identified the poison involved.
If the bird’s feathers and skin are contaminated with a poisonous substance
- Wash the bird with warm water and soap, and then rinse with plain warm water several times. Keep the bird warm
If the bird has ingested an unknown poison.
- The general treatment is to give water using an eyedropper or syringe.
If the bird has ingested acid
- Give sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) solution. Mix up Liz teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) in a cup of water. Using an eye dropper or syringe, administer 6 to 20 drops depending on the size of the bird.
If the bird has ingested kerosene or phenol
- Give a few drops of olive oil by mouth.
If the bird is convulsing intermittently
- Wait until the convulsions stop then take the bird to your veterinarian.
- To prevent injury to itself, wrap the bird in a towel and place it in a container for transport to your veterinarian.
If the bird is convulsing continuously
- Try to stop the bird from injuring itself by wrapping it in a towel.
- Contact your veterinarian and take the bird to the surgery as quickly as possible, together withal a sample of the suspected poison if available.
I had compiled a bird poisoning table. To use the following table, you must be sure that the bird has been poisoned and know what poison is involved before giving treatment. If uncertain, contact a veterinarian or poison information center immediately.
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